Learn More About Sequence of Return Risk

*This post originally appeared on Michael Morrow Financial Planner.

One of the biggest concerns that retirees have is whether their nest egg will be large enough to support them during retirement. The worst case scenario that every retiree fears is experiencing a market downturn just as he or she is ready to enter retirement. Since retirees need to draw from their retirement portfolio in order to live, they must be aware of and prepared to deal with sequence-of-returns risk.

In my article Jack Bogle Warns: Prepare for Two Massive Market Declines in The Next Decade, I wrote: “In simple terms, sequence of return risk means that in retirement, it can be more critical when you get returns than what returns you get.” Investopedia defines sequence-of-returns risk as “the risk of receiving lower or negative returns early in a period when withdrawals are made from an individual’s underlying investments. The order or the sequence of investment returns is a primary concern for retirees who are living off the income and capital of their investments” (Investopedia – Source).

While investors don’t have to worry about sequence-of-returns risk before retirement, it becomes a big issue during retirement. If you plan to retire soon and you want to limit sequence-of-returns risk, keep reading for some tips and strategies.

Limit Risk

When you make risky investments there’s always the chance of losing your money. For example, if your portfolio only includes stocks you’re at the mercy of the market. If your stocks take a beating and you continue to withdraw money from your portfolio, you make it difficult for your portfolio to recover. At Aspen Creek Wealth Strategies we recommend a “risk bucket” strategy based on the rule of 100. If you are 65 years old then 65% of your portfolio should go into a safer bucket of assets. You can put the remaining 35% into a riskier bucket. Investors can increase their chances of a successful retirement by making wise investments and avoiding unnecessary risk.

Lower Percentage of Stocks

Another strategy to consider: during the first years of your retirement your portfolio shouldn’t include a high percentage of stocks. Over time, though, you can increase the percentage depending on the risk you feel comfortable taking. The first years of retirement are the most important. If you withdraw too much money or lose too much money as a result of risky investments, you’ll make the rest of your retirement difficult.

Don’t Overspend

One of the easiest ways to protect your retirement funds is to only withdraw the amount that you actually need. Ask yourself before making a big purchase, “Is it really necessary?” Every retiree wants to enjoy their retirement, but you don’t need to carelessly spend your money to enjoy yourself. If you withdraw your money wisely you’ll help ensure it lasts you and you don’t outlast it.

The Dangers of Buy and Hold

*This post originally appeared on Michael Morrow Financial Planner.

In general “Buy and Hold” is an investment strategy where stocks are purchased and then held on to regardless of how the market performs. While the Buy and Hold strategy has many supporters who believe it is the best investment strategy, the reality is that the strategy has many drawbacks. The strategy is especially dangerous as a retirement strategy. Some investors who are averse to risk think that Buy and Hold will limit the risk they face. Unfortunately, this isn’t always the case. Keep reading to learn more about the disadvantages of Buy and Hold for retirees.

Market Downturns

The biggest disadvantage of Buy and Hold is dealing with market downturns. If the market crashes or there is a recession, you stand to lose a lot of money. For retirees, this is especially dangerous because they don’t necessarily have the time to “hold” as the downturn corrects itself. Imagine if the market experiences a downturn a year before you plan to retire. If all of your gains are erased, how will you make retirement work? Jack Bogle can preach Buy and Hold because he has enough money to tolerate heavy losses. However, normal investors may not have the safety net that Bogle has, so Buy and Hold isn’t the best strategy for them.

Length of Time

In order for Buy and Hold to work, an investor needs time. Yet if an investor chooses the wrong stocks and holds on to them year after year, he or she may not see any significant gains. Many Buy and Hold supporters recommend investing in index funds to avoid selecting the “wrong” stocks. However, even index funds are susceptible to events like market crashes. Today many Americans aren’t preparing for retirement soon enough. Therefore, they might not have the necessary time to employ a Buy and Hold strategy and see any meaningful returns by the time they’re ready to retire.

Self-Discipline

A large number of investors lose money due to their emotions. They either chase stocks that they believe will make them rich in the short run, or they sell when their stocks underperform. However, the Buy and Hold strategy requires an investor to ignore the urge to sell or buy whenever it strikes. Every investor finds it difficult to ignore these urges at various times. When it comes to savings for retirement, safety is the most important element. Yet if risk is managed correctly, it can be beneficial to a retiree’s investment strategy.

There are many alternative investment strategies to Buy and Hold that offer retirees more security and better returns. To learn more about the disadvantages of Buy and Hold as well as some alternatives read my article Jack Bogle Warns: Prepare for Two Massive Market Declines in The Next Decade (But Heeding His Advice Could Destroy Your Retirement).